Working together for environmental management: the role of information sharing and collaborative learning

A dissertation presented in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Massey University, New Zealand

[Reference as: Allen, W.J. (2001) Working together for environmental management: the role of information sharing and collaborative learning. PhD (Development Studies), Massey University.]

This thesis represents an inquiry into how an adaptive management ethic and practice that supports the concept of sustainable development can be initiated and implemented in complex, regional or large-scale contexts. An action research inquiry process is used to find improved ways of managing collaborative or multi-stakeholder approaches to environmental management, and to develop an integrated information framework to underpin subsequent decision making.

The thesis itself reviews research undertaken between 1994 and 2000. First time readers should begin with the introduction to gain some idea of the research context, and to understand the thesis structure. The dissertation includes a number of previously published or submitted papers. Where these are available on-line they will open in a new browser window. (Note: Where previously submitted papers have been accepted, they are provided in their final published form).





1. Introduction

2: The role of adaptive management within sustainable development

3. The role of action research in improving the realisation of adaptive and people-centred
environmental management

4. Getting started: a case study in community-based adaptive management or ‘learning by

Allen, W.J., Bosch, O.J.H., Gibson, R.G. & Jopp, A.J. (1995) Co-learning our way to
sustainability: Integrating local and scientific knowledge through an evolutionary
research approach to support land management decision-making. Paper presented at
Malama Aina 95, 1st International Conference on Multiple Objective Decision Support
Systems (MODSS) for Land, Water and Environmental Management, Honolulu,
Hawaii, 23-27 July 1995.
5. Sharing experiences and developing useful knowledge

Allen, W.J. & Bosch, O.J.H. (1996) Shared experiences: the basis for a cooperative
approach to identifying and implementing more sustainable land management
Pp. 1-10 in Proceedings of Symposium “Resource management: Issues,
visions, practice” Lincoln University, New Zealand, 5-8 July 1996.
6. Evaluating multi-stakeholder research and development programmes

Allen, W.J. (1997) Towards improving the role of evaluation within natural resource
management R&D programmes: The case for ‘learning by doing’.
Canadian Journal of
Development Studies XVIII, Special Issue on Results-Based Monitoring
, pp. 625-638.
7. Addressing conflict in multi-stakeholder situations

Allen, W., Brown, K., Gloag, T., Morris, J., Simpson, K., Thomas, J. & Young, R.
(1998). Building partnerships for conservation in the Waitaki/Mackenzie basins.
Landcare Research Contract Report LC9899/033, Lincoln, New Zealand.
8. Social and organizational issues with adaptive management for environmental

Allen, W.J., Bosch, O.J.H., Kilvington, M.J., Harley, D.G. & Brown I. Monitoring and
adaptive management: resolving social and organisational issues to improve
information sharing
. (Submitted: Natural Resources Forum, 2000).
9. Helping groups to learn enthusiastically — roles for information, the Internet, and
agency support

Allen, W., Bosch, O., Kilvington, M., Oliver, J.& Gilbert, M. (2000a) Benefits of
collaborative learning for environmental management: Applying the Integrated
Systems for Knowledge Management approach to support animal pest control.
of Environmental Management
(In press).
10. Developing an Internet presence and the value of networkingAllen, W. (2000) NRM-changelinks: Improving Community Participation in
Environment & Development.
This site has now been replaced by this Learninbg for Sustainability site. More about this can be found from the about page for this site..
11. The need to link ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ research activities within multi-disciplinary science

Allen, W.J. & Kilvington, M.J. (1999) Why involving people is important: The
forgotten part of environmental information system management.
Paper presented at
2nd International Conference on Multiple Objective Decision Support Systems for
Land, Water and Environmental Management (MODSS ’99) Brisbane, Australia, 1-6
August 1999.
12. Concluding reflections and planning the next research cycle

Postscript (September 2001): Some final reflections

Appendix I
Bosch, O.J.H., Allen, W.J., Williams, J.M. & Ensor, A (1996) An integrated system for
maximising community knowledge: Integrating community-based monitoring into the
adaptive management process in the New Zealand high country. The Rangeland
18(1) 23-32.
Appendix II
Kilvington, M., Allen, W. & Kravchenko, C. (1999) Improving Farmer Motivation
Within Tb Vector Control. Landcare Research contract report. LC9899/110.