My publications (journals & book chapters)

My publications (journals & book chapters) are here …  and a listing of my reviewed reports is also available on an accompanying page.

Will Allen, Troy Baisden, Jonathan Burgess, Sophie Crawford, Lisa Ellis, David Hall, Trish Hall, Ushana Jayasuriya, Merata Kawharu, Hannah Kotula, Catherine Leining, Sasha Maher, Oscar Montes de Oca, Ana Pueyo, Janet Stephenson, Sara Walton and Krushil Watene. (2023). A Guide to Just Transitions for Communities in Aotearoa New Zealand. Motu Economic and Public Policy Research, Wellington. ISBN number (online) 978-1-991092-52-6.

Greenaway, A., MacBride-Stewart, S., Grant, A., Finlay-Smits, S., Ayala, M., Allen, W., O’Brien, L. and Martin, M., (2023) Positioning Research to Improve Tree-Biosecurity Relations. Knowledge Cultures, 11(1), pp.234-259.

MacBride-Stewart, S., O’Brien, L., Grant, A., Ayala, M., Finlay-Smits, S., Allen, W., & Greenaway, A. (2023). Healing Fragmentation of Forest Biosecurity Networks: A Conceptual and Reflexive Mapping Analysis of Postcolonial Relations that Matter in Aotearoa: New Zealand and Cymru: Wales. Knowledge Cultures, 11(1), 205-233.

Apgar, M., & Allen, W. (2021). Participatory Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning: Taking Stock and Breaking New Ground. In SAGE Handbook of Participatory Research and Inquiry. London: Sage Publications.

Erena Le Heron*, Will Allen*, Richard Le Heron, M. Logie, Bruce Glavovic, Alison Greenaway, Daniel Hikuroa, Kathryn Davies, and Paula Blackett (2021) What does success look like? An indicative rubric to assess and guide the performance of marine participatory processes. Ecology and Society 26:1 [* equal lead authors]

Erena Le Heron, Richard Le Heron, June Logie, Alison Greenaway, Will Allen, Paula Blackett, Kate Davies, Bruce Glavovic, Daniel Hikuroa (2020) “Participatory Processes as Twenty-First-Century Social Knowledge Technology.” Chapter in Sustaining Seas: Oceanic Space and the Politics of Care. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Turner JA, Allen W, Fraser C, Fenemor A, Horita A, White T, Chen L, Atkinson M, Rush M. (2020) Navigating Institutional Challenges: Design to Enable Community Participation in Social Learning for Freshwater Planning. Environmental Management. 8:1-8.

Ogilvie, S.; McCarthy, A.; Allen, W.; Grant, A.; Mark-Shadbolt, M.; Pawson, S.; Richardson, B.; Strand, T.; Langer, E.L.; Marzano, M. (2019) Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and Biosecurity: Enabling Participatory-Design to Help Address Social Licence to Operate Issues. Forests 10, 695.

Le Heron, E., Logie, J., Allen, W., Le Heron, R., Blackett, P., Davies, K., Greenaway, A., Glavovic, B. and Hikuroa, D., (2019) Diversity, contestation, participation in Aotearoa New Zealand‘s multi-use/user marine spaces. Marine Policy, p.103536.

Duboz R, Echaubard P, Promburom P, Kilvington M, Ross H, Allen W, Ward J, Deffuant G, de Garine-Wichatitsky M, Binot A. (2018) Systems thinking in practice: participatory modeling as a foundation for integrated approaches to health. Frontiers in veterinary science. 17;5:303.

Shaun Ogilvie, Robert Major, Alaric McCarthy, Glenice Paine, Richard Paine, Geoff Connor, Steve Connor, David Taylor, Andrew Jeffs, Kevin Heasman, Chris Batstone, Benita Chambers, Will Allen (2018). Mātauranga Māori driving innovation in the New Zealand scampi fisheryNew Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, pp.1-13.

Allen, Will, Andrea Grant, Lynsey Earl, Rory MacLellan, Nick Waipara, Melanie Mark-Shadbolt, Shaun Ogilvie, ER Lisa Langer, Mariella Marzano (2018) “The Use of Rubrics to Improve Integration and Engagement Between Biosecurity Agencies and Their Key Partners and Stakeholders: A Surveillance Example.” In The Human Dimensions of Forest and Tree Health, pp. 269-298. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham, 2018.

Will Allen, Jen Cruz & Bruce Warburton (2017) How Decision Support Systems can benefit from a Theory of Change approach. Environmental Management, 59(6): 956–965 [Published version available at Springer via]

J. Marina Apgar, Will Allen (2017) Action Research for environmental sustainability: Bridging stakeholder groups, knowledge systems and scales. Chapter 4 in Cooking with Action Research: Stories and resources for self and community transformation. Eds. Hilary Bradbury and Associates, AR+ p. 73-95.

J. Marina Apgar, Will Allen (2017) Complex adaptive systems. In Cooking with Action Research: Resources for self and community transformation. Eds. Hilary Bradbury and Associates, AR+ p. 27-28.

J. Marina Apgar, Will Allen (2017) Development Action Research Practice: 3 steps. In Cooking with Action Research: Resources for self and community transformation. Eds. Hilary Bradbury and Associates, AR+ p. 95-102.

Thomas P. Holmes, Will Allen, Robert Haight, E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Mariella Marzano, Maria Pettersson, Chris Quine, E.R. (Lisa) Langer (2017) Fundamental Economic Irreversibilities Influence Policies for Enhancing International Forest Phytosanitary Security. Current Forestry Reports, 3:244-254.

Mariella Marzano; Will Allen; Robert Haight; Tom Holmes; Carina EH Keskitalo; Lisa Langer; Melanie Shadbolt; Julie Urquhart; Norman Dandy (2017) The role of the social sciences and economics in understanding and informing tree biosecurity policy and planning: a global synthesis. Biological Invasions –

J. Marina Apgar, Will Allen, Joelle Albert, Boru Douthwaite, Rodrigo Paz Ybarnegaray, Jeston Lunda (2016) Getting beneath the surface in program planning, monitoring and evaluation: Learning from use of Participatory Action Research and Theory of Change in the CGIAR Research Program on Aquatic Agricultural Systems. Action Research []

Jennyffer Cruz, Simon Howard, David Choquenot, Will Allen, and Bruce Warburton (2016) Decision Support Systems for improving invasive rabbit management in Australia. Proc. 27th Vertebr. Pest Conf. (R. M. Timm and R. A. Baldwin, Eds.) Published at Univ. of Calif., Davis. 2016. Pp. 373-377.

Peter J. Bellingham, Sarah J. Richardson, Norman W.H. Mason, Clare J. Veltman, Robert B. Allen, Will J. Allen, Richard J. Barker, David M. Forsyth, Simon J. Nicol, David S.L. Ramsey (2016) Introduced deer at low densities do not inhibit the regeneration of a dominant tree. Forest Ecology and Management 364: 70-76

Tadaki M, Allen W, Sinner J (2015) Revealing ecological processes or imposing social rationalities? The politics of bounding and measuring ecosystem services. Ecological Economics 118: 168-176

Apgar M, Allen W, Ataria J, Moore K (2015) Understanding adaptation and transformation through indigenous practice: the case of the Guna in Panama. Ecology and Society 20(1): 45

Allen W, Ogilvie S, Blackie H, Smith D, Sam S, Doherty J, McKenzie D, Ataria J, Shapiro, L., McKay J, Murphy E, Jacobson C, Eason C. (2014) Bridging disciplines, knowledge systems and cultures in pest management. Environmental Management. 53:429–440

Blackie HA, MacKay JWB, Allen WJ, Smith DHV, Barrett B, Whyte BI, Murphy EC, Ross J, Shapiro L, Ogilvie S, Sam S, MacMorran D, Inder S, Eason CT. (2013) Innovative developments for long-term mammalian pest control. Pest Management Science 70(3): 345–351

Forsyth, David M., David SL Ramsey, Clare J. Veltman, Robert B. Allen, Will J. Allen, Richard J. Barker, Chris L. Jacobson, Simon J. Nicol, Sarah J. Richardson, and Charles R. Todd (2013) When deer must die: large uncertainty surrounds changes in deer abundance achieved by helicopter-and ground-based hunting in New Zealand forests. Wildlife Research 40(6): 447-458.

Ramsey, David S. L., Forsyth, David M., Veltman, Clare J., Nicol, Simon J., Todd, Charles R., Allen, Robert B., Allen, Will J., Bellingham, Peter J., Richardson, Sarah J., Jacobson, Chris L. and Barker, Richard J. (2012) An approximate Bayesian algorithm for training fuzzy cognitive map models of forest responses to deer control in a New Zealand adaptive management experiment. Ecological Modelling, 240 : 93-104

Allen, W., Fenemor, A., Kilvington, M., Harmsworth, G., Young, R., Deans, N., Horn, C., Phillips, C., de Oca, O., Ataria, J., Smith, R. (2011) Building collaboration and learning in integrated catchment management: the importance of social process and multiple engagement approaches. New Zealand Journal Marine and Freshwater Research, 45(3): 525-539.

Kilvington, M., Allen, W. & Fenemor, A. (2011) Three frameworks to understand and manage social processes for integrated catchment management. New Zealand Journal Marine and Freshwater Research, 45(3): 541-555.

Fenemor, Andrew, Diarmuid Neilan, Will Allen, and Shona Russell. Improving water governance in New Zealand: stakeholder views of catchment management processes and plans. Policy Quarterly 7, no. 4 (2011).

Fenemor, A., Young, R., Bowden, B., Phillips, C., Allen, W., (2011) Integrated Catchment Management – a decade of research in the Motueka River catchment. New Zealand Journal Marine and Freshwater Research, 45(3): 307-311.

Fenemor, A., Phillips, C., Allen, W., Young, R., Harmsworth, G., Bowden, B., Basher, L., Gillespie, P., Kilvington, M., Davies-Colley, R., Dymond, J., Cole, A., Lauder, G., Davie, T., Smith, R., Markham, S., Deans, N., Stuart, B., Atkinson, M. (2011) Integrated Catchment Management – interweaving social process and science knowledge. New Zealand Journal Marine and Freshwater Research, 45(3): 313-331.

Marina Apgar, Jamie M. Ataria and Will J. Allen, (2011) Managing beyond designations: supporting endogenous processes for nurturing biocultural development. Special issue of the International Journal of Heritage Studies. Volume 17, Issue 6, November 2011, pages 555-570

 Conroy, D, Allen, W. (2011) Achieving more effective social marketing: putting the social back into systems theoryThe International Journal of Environmental, Cultural, Economic and Social Sustainability. Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.1–10

 Hostetler, M., Allen, W., Meurk, C.,   (2011) Conserving Urban Biodiversity? Creating green infrastructure is only the first step. Landscape and Urban Planning Available online

Dymond, J.R., Davie, T.J.A., Fenemor, A.D., Ekanayake, J.C., Knight, B.R., Cole, A.O., Montes de Oca Munguia, O., Allen, W.J., Young, R.G., Basher, L.R., Dresser, M., Batstone, C.J. (2010)  Integrating environmental and socio-economic indicators of a linked catchment–coastal system using variable environmental intensity.  Environmental Management. 46(3):484-93

Phillips, C., Allen, W., Fenemor, A., Bowden, B., Young, R (2010) Integrated catchment management research: Lessons for interdisciplinary science from the Motueka Catchment, New Zealand. Australian Marine and Freshwater Research 61:749-763

Conroy, D,M. & Allen, W.J. (2010) Who do you think you are?  An examination of how systems thinking can help social marketing support new identities and more sustainable living patterns. Australasian Marketing Journal 18: 195-197

Allen, W. & Kilvington, M. (2010) Stakeholder analysis. Chapter 25 in Hatched – The Capacity for Sustainable Development Eds. Frame, B., Gordon, R., Mortimer, C. 2010. Landcare Research (Manaaki Whenua), Lincoln, New Zealand. pp. 249-253. Available on-line:

Brignall-Theyer, M., Allen, W. & Taylor, R. (2010) Education for sustainability in secondary schools. Chapter 18 in Hatched – The Capacity for Sustainable Development Eds. Frame, B., Gordon, R., Mortimer, C. 2010. Landcare Research (Manaaki Whenua), Lincoln, New Zealand. pp. 175-184.

Horn, C. & Allen, W. (2010) Supporting practice change through transformative communication. Chapter 17 in Hatched – The Capacity for Sustainable Development Eds. Frame, B., Gordon, R., Mortimer, C. 2010. Landcare Research (Manaaki Whenua), Lincoln, New Zealand. pp. 165-174.

Kilvington, M. & Allen, W. (2010) Supportive effective teamwork: a checklist for evaluating team performance. Chapter 26 in Hatched – The Capacity for Sustainable Development Eds. Frame, B., Gordon, R., Mortimer, C. 2010. Landcare Research (Manaaki Whenua), Lincoln, New Zealand. pp. 255-260.

Kilvington, M. & Allen, W. (2010) Social Learning – a basis for practice in environmental management. Chapter 22 in Hatched – The Capacity for Sustainable Development Eds. Frame, B., Gordon, R., Mortimer, C. 2010. Landcare Research (Manaaki Whenua), Lincoln, New Zealand. pp. 215-226.

Taylor, R. & Allen, W. (2010) Seeking pro-sustainability household behaviour change. Chapter 16 in Hatched – The Capacity for Sustainable Development Eds. Frame, B., Gordon, R., Mortimer, C. 2010. Landcare Research (Manaaki Whenua), Lincoln, New Zealand. pp. 159-164.

Will Allen, Jamie M. Ataria, J. Marina Apgar, Garth Harmsworth, & Louis A. Tremblay (2009) Kia pono te mahi putaiao — Doing science in the right spirit. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand: Volume 39, Number 4, December, 239–242  On-line

Apgar, J.M., Argumedo, A. & Allen, W. (2009) Building Transdisciplinarity for Managing Complexity: Lessons from Indigenous Practice. International Journal of Interdiscplinary Social Sciences. 4(5): 255-270 Available on-line:

Will Allen and Chris Jacobson (2009) Learning about the social elements of adaptive management in the South Island tussock grasslands of New Zealand. Chapter 6 in Adaptive Environmental Management: A Practitioner’s Guide. Book editors: Catherine Allan & George Stansky – Springer and CSIRO publishing pp. 95-114. Available at

Chris Jacobson, Will Allen, Clare Veltman, Dave Ramsey, David M. Forsyth, Simon Nicol, Charles Todd and Richard Barker (2009) Collaborative learning as part of adaptive management of forests affected by deer. Chapter 15 in Adaptive Environmental Management: A Practitioner’s Guide. Book editors: Catherine Allan & George Stansky – Springer and CSIRO publishing pp. 275-294

Jacobson;  K. F. D. Hughey;  W. J. Allen;  S. Rixecker; R. W. Carter (2009) Toward more reflexive use of adaptive management. Society & Natural Resources, Volume 22, Issue 5, 2009, Pages 484 – 495

Fenemor, A; Deans, N.; Davie, T.; Allen, W.; Dymond, J.; Kilvington, M.; Phillips, C.; Basher, L.; Gillespie, P.; Young, R.; Sinner, J.; Harmsworth, G.; Atkinson, M.; Smith, R. (2008)  Collaboration and modelling – Tools for integration in the Motueka HELP catchment. Water South Africa Volume 34(4)

Taylor, R. & Allen W. (2008) Changing household behaviors: Learning for sustainability in urban communities The Innovation Journal: The Public Sector Innovation Journal, Volume 13(2) article 5 –

 Cole, A., Allen, W., Kilvington, M., Fenemor, A. and Bowden, B. (2007) ‘Participatory modelling with an influence matrix and the calculation of whole-of-system sustainability values’, Int. J. Sustainable Development, 10(4): 382–401.

Ian Valentine, Evelyn Hurley, Janet Reid & Will Allen. (2007)  Principles and processes for effecting change in environmental management in New Zealand. Journal of Environmental Management 82(3): 311-8

Allen W.J. and Kilvington M.J (2005) Getting technical environmental information into watershed decision making. Chapter in Ed. J.L. Hatfield “The Farmers’ Decision: Balancing Economic Successful Agriculture Production with Environmental Quality” Publisher: Soil and Water Conservation Society. pp. 45-61

Kilvington M, Allen W (2005) Social aspects of biodiversity in the urban environment. Proceedings – Greening the City: Bringing Biodiversity Back into the Urban Environment – ISBN 0-959-77566-8, Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture conference, 21–24 Oct 2003, Christchurch Pp. 29–35. [Published proceedings edited by MI Dawson 2006.]

 Chris Phillips, Will Allen & Margaret Kilvington (2004) Is knowledge management the answer for ICM? Water (May 2004) pp. 63-66

 Nancy Grudens-Schuck, Will Allen, Tasha M. Hargrove, & Margaret Kilvington (2003) Renovating dependency and self-reliance for participatory sustainable development Agriculture and Human Values 20(1): 53-64.

Will Allen & Margaret Kilvington. 2002. Learning and working together for the environment: applying the Integrated Systems for Knowledge Management (ISKM) approach. Development Bulletin No. 58, July 2002. pp. 106-110.

Allen, W.J. (2001) ‘Working together for environmental management: the role of information sharing and collaborative learning’: PhD (Development Studies), Massey University. Available on-line:

Allen, W.J., Bosch, O.J.H., Kilvington, M.J., Harley, D. & Brown I. (2001) Monitoring and adaptive management: resolving social and organisational issues to improve information sharing in natural resource management.  Natural Resources Forum 25(3): 225-233.

Allen, W.J., Bosch, O.J.H., Kilvington, M.J. & Oliver, J. (2001) Benefits of collaborative learning for environmental management: Applying the Integrated Systems for Knowledge Management approach to support animal pest control. Environmental Management 27:2 pp. 215-223. Available at:

Allen, W.J., Bosch, O.J.H., & Kilvington, M.J. (2001) ISKM (Integrated Systems for Knowledge Management): A participatory framework to help communities identify and adopt more sustainable resource management practices. In: Getting results through collaboration: networks and network structures for public policy and management. Ed. Myrna Mandell, Quorum Books, Greenwood Publishing Group: Westport USA pp. 255 – 260.

Kilvington, M., Taylor, R., Allen, W. (2000) Restoration and the city: Looking for a framework for social and ecological restoration. In eds Stewart, G and Ignatieva M. Urban biodiversity and ecology as a basis for holistic planning and design. Lincoln University International Centre for Nature Conservation Publication Number 1, Wickcliffe Press Ltd., Christchurch (ISBN 0-86476-136-8) pp. 72-79

Oliver, J., Allen, W., Kilvington, M. & Gilbert, M. (2000) The role of Animal Health Board’s locally initiated programmes in changing farmer attitudes. Achieving change through improved knowledge systems: 2000 conference proceedings. (Eds: Stantiall, J. & McDiarmid, C) Centre for Agricultural and Veterinary continuing Education, Massey University (ISBN 0-9583364-9-0) pp. 343-350.

Allen, W.J., Bosch, O.J.H., Gibson, R.G. & Jopp, A.J.  (1998) Co-learning our way to sustainability: An integrated and community-based research approach to support natural resource management decision-making. In Multiple Objective Decision Making for Land, Water and Environmental Management. S.A. El-Swaify and D.S. Yakowitz, Eds. Lewis Publishers, Boston. Ch. 4: pp. 51-59. Available at:

Allen, W.J. (1997) Towards improving the role of evaluation within natural resource management R&D programmes: The case for ‘learning by doing’. Canadian Journal of Development Studies XVIII, Special Issue, pp. 625-638. Also available at:

Bosch, O.J.H., Gibson, R.S., Kellner, K. & Allen, W. (1997) Using case‑based reasoning methodology to maximise the use of knowledge to solve specific rangeland problems. Journal of Arid Environments 35: 549‑557

Bosch, O.J.H., Allen, W.J., Williams, J.M. & Ensor, A (1996) An integrated system for maximising community knowledge: Integrating community‑based monitoring into the adaptive management process in the New Zealand high country. The Rangeland Journal 18(1) 23-32

Bosch, O.J.H., Allen, W.J., O’Connor, A.H., Ensor, A., Jopp, A.J., Cameron, H., & Allan, B. (1996) Developing a better understanding of Hieracium invasion in the New Zealand high country: a participatory approach. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association 58: 161‑165

Bosch, O.J.H., Allen, W.J. & Gibson, R.S. (1996) Monitoring as an integral part of management and policy-making. Proceedings of Symposium “Resource Management: Issues, Visions, Practice” Lincoln University, New Zealand, 5-8 July pp. 12-21.

Allen, W.J. & Bosch, O.J.H. (1996)  Shared experiences: the basis for a cooperative approach to identifying and implementing more sustainable land management practices.  Proceedings of  Symposium ‘Resource Management: Issues, Visions, Practice’ Lincoln University, New Zealand, 5-8 July pp. 1-10.

Gibson, R.S., Allen, W.J. & Bosch, O.J.H. (1995) Condition assessment concepts and their role in facilitating range management. Annals of Arid Zone 34(3): 179-189